types of moray eels

The longfin African conger can be found in the Indo-Pacific region. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-img'); From contact with some types of moray eels in humans, chemical burns can form on the skin. var _g1; Eels get up to roughly 50 pounds in weight and can grow as long as 13 feet in length, depending on the species. I have a picture of a eel ?? They also have very strong jaws and sharp teeth. One of the most outstanding of the moray group is the blue ribbon eel. Though not considered a true type of eel, the Half-Banded Spiny Eel resembles other types of eels with its long, slender body. It lives at depths of 7 to 100 feet and feeds mostly on crustaceans and occasionally small fish. This Moray could be easily found across the globe, however, they are exclusive to coral reefs in the tropical parts of the region. What’s The Difference Between Fog and Clouds? The one characteristic that sets the Electric Eel apart from other eels is the fact that it can electrify and paralyze its prey, which no other animal can do. This type of eel is found in the Indo-Pacific area and can get to over four feet in length. Eels come in an assortment of sizes – ranging from about 5 inches long when fully grown to over 13 feet in length. The Slender Giant Moray is roughly 13 feet in length, making it the longest species of Moray. In fact, there are hundreds of species of eels, and they can be found in many different colors, including brown, white, yellow, green, orange, black, and even blue. Head with 1-3 lateral line pores; absent on body. Some species live in freshwater throughout their lives and return to the oceans to breed, like the European Eel (Anguilla anguilla). In fact, its eyes are so small that you cannot see them, particularly since they are covered with skin. The Moray Eel offers over 200 different species. If you keep one in a tank, it is recommended not to place animals such as crabs or shrimp in there also, but rather, it is best to pair them with large, aggressive fish such as tangs, wrasses, and lionfish. Morays vary considerably in size, skin diversity, and color. This type of eel can breathe both under the water and on land, and when they are juveniles, they are known as primary male or primary female fish. Let’s take a look at just ten of these types of eels below. Although freshwater eels rarely swim to saltwater areas, it is not that uncommon to find saltwater eels enjoying freshwater areas on a semi-regular basis, and like freshwater eels, they use these alternative regions to mate and breed. It has a dorsal fin that is grayish-brown in color and which fades to white on its ventral. Moray Eels, themselves have over 200 types of variants. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); They have voracious appetites, and their fantastic sense of smell helps them find their prey. The Ocellated Spiny Eels are found in Africa and migrate during the dry part of the season to areas such as lakes, canals, and floodplain areas. It has a purple- or pinkish-brown color, and it can live anywhere between five and 12 years. Also called the African Spiny Eel, this eel is light-brown or tan in color and has short vertical stripes and blotches that look like a broken line and which can be found on the entire body. One is what is commonly called a "Moray Eel" Gymnothorax kidako, while the other is probably what is called "Chainlink Moray Eel", Echidna catenata. The reason why there are so many different types of morays in Hawaiian waters is due to their long larval stage, which is three months to over a year, and means moray eel larvae can survive drifting in the open ocean from the Indo-Pacific region. They sometimes return to saltwater oceans for brief periods when they are adults and wish to mate and breed their young. They can range in length up to 13 feet and they can weigh up to 80 pounds. As its name suggests, the Zebra Moray looks similar to a zebra with its black-and-white stripes. Other names for the Tire Track Eel include the White-Spotted Spiny Eel and the Zig Zag Eel, although the latter is actually a different type of eel. Slender giant moray eels (Gangetic Moray, Stophidon Sathete) are the longest kinds of eels in the moray family. In fact, it needs to breathe air about 80% of the time in order to stay alive. It is a part of the Conger genus. When courting, eels will open their mouths wide and wrap themselves around one another, only letting go after the females lay their eggs, which the males then fertilize. Eels have very poor eyesight, so if you keep them in an aquarium and start to feed them, experts usually recommend you use a set of tongs rather than your hands, because the eels may accidentally bite your fingers in the process. Their skin can be speckled, striped, freckled or tattooed, and coloured in a variety of hues including brown, green, off white, yellow, black and blue. Their bite can be dangerous to humans, even though some people like to keep them in aquariums when they are young and small. Eels that live in freshwater are from the family known as Anguillidae, which consists of 19 species and six subspecies. A skin toxin was noted in an Indo-Pacific moray eel. They are usually light brown in color and have a yellow stripe running almost the full length of their body. In reality, the Snyder’s Moray represents several sub-species of eels, and it is known to be the smallest of all types of eels, measuring only a little over four inches in length. It is a close relative of the Zig Zag Eel, and it gets to roughly 2.5 feet in length. Snowflake moray is commonly found in the warm water of indo-pasific ocean. Originating from Asia, the Tire Track Eel has very distinct, dark-black markings that look like tires. Ophichthidae are also known as snake eels and they inhabit tropical to warm temperate waters. These types of eels are found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Read on to learn about the moray eel. Ophichthidae. Some of the most common species of Moray Eels are as follows: The moray is part of the family Muraenidae, which consists of large, cosmopolitan, carnivorous eels. Minimum Tank Size: 55 gallons. The location of the teeth and the oral apparatus in general are quite complicated and specialized for hunting in cramped conditions of rocks. It lives at depths of 7 to 100 feet and feeds mostly on crustaceans and occasionally small fish. Eels in deep sea have gray or black color while those found in tropical reef have colorful patterns. Despite their variations, it is easy to tell when you are looking at a moray eel due to their characteristics: Moray eels have a dorsal fin which runs almost the entire length of the body. Also called the Mulatto Conger, the Mottled Conger can grow up to nearly four feet in length and is most often found in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The Longfin African Conger can be found on reef flats and in shallow lagoons on seagrass beds. Like the Lungfish, which also has an elongated body, the Electric Eel needs air to breathe and will rise to the surface of the water every 10 minutes in order to gulp air. Although the lifespan for many eels is relatively short, there are certain eels that can live up to 85 years, which is a long time. It is not a very big eel, reaching only around 20 inches in length, and it is the most commonly kept saltwater eel. Moray eels are not aggressive despite their fearsome attacks, they are actually territorial and they only strike when they feel threatened. The moray and conger are common genuses of marine eels, in which many species exist with varying colors, sizes, diets, and habitats. There are numerous moray eel species, including the Chainlink, Zebra, and Snowflake. Although it is small, the eel is very hardy and can even be kept as a pet in an aquarium if it is kept with other fish that are too big for it to eat. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. There are actually two eels in the picture above. The Peacock Eel is also good for people considering having an eel as a pet because they are easy to get along with, even if you put other Peacock Eels in the aquarium with them. Similarly, skin diversity and colour has as many variations as there are species. Morays vary considerably in size depending on species, from the ribbon eel at around 25 cm to the giant moray which can be as much as 4 metres in length. Moray eels are a group of approximately 200 species of fish. Morays are eaten in some areas of the world, but their flesh is sometimes toxic and can cause illness or death. They mostly stick to habitats such as coral reefs and rocky regions, and they can also be called the Antillean Eel. An eel is a ray-finned fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes (/ æ ŋ ˈ ɡ w ɪ l ɪ f ɔːr m iː z /), which consists of eight suborders, 19 families, 111 genera, and about 800 species.Eels undergo considerable development from the early larval stage to the eventual adult stage, and most are predators.. The Peacock Eel is very attractive and has colors and patterns that can vary depending on where it originated. Moray eels are usually vividly marked or colored. Electric Eels grow to around eight feet in length and get up to 45 pounds, and their lifespan is approximately 15 years. There have been countless attacks by moray eels underwater, and victims lost their limbs, chunks of their faces, and more. Feeding mostly on finfish, the Grey Conger was first noticed in the mid-1800s, and it is found in the Atlantic Ocean, including areas such as South America, Jamaica, and Cuba. They are able to swim both frontwards and backward, and they can even travel on land for short periods of time. All Eels belong to the order Anguilliformes which is made up of 20 different families. Types Of Eels There are many types of Moray Eels that are quite well suited to the aquarium despite popular belief. Eels are a type of fish that resembles a snake. They sometimes return to saltwater oceans for brief periods when they are adults and wish to mate and breed their young. Differences Between Freshwater and Saltwater Eels, Three Types of Mammals (Plus Examples for Each). To further narrow them down, only five of those 12 can co-exist with other fish in an aquarium. The Zebra Moray Eel has close-set pebble-like teeth used for crushing hard-shelled prey and a rounded snout. The conger is a scale-less marine eel found in coastal waters. Freshwater Eels are found throughout the world in tropical, subtropical and temperate climates. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); There are a few interesting facts about the moray eel. Common saltwater eels include Worm Eels, Moray Eels, and Spaghetti Eels, as well as the Electric Eel, which produces an electrical current that is strong enough to paralyze its prey, something that no other animal can do. Eels have skin that is smooth, scale-less, and slimy, allowing them to get around even the roughest reefs without getting scratched or harmed. The Electric Eel has an elongated and cylindrical body that is a dark-grey color, and it has an orange throat. They are very active during the day and prefer foods such as crustaceans and fish that are near the bottom of the sea. try { It can also be called the Marbled Conger and actually refers to several different types of fish. They can vary in size and color due to their location and species. Most of the spots are rather round, but some are vertically elongated instead. The family of the moray eels contains about 200 species, which are mainly found in tropical and subtropical oceans. There are more than 200 known species of moray eels, and sometimes they hunt in groups. The different types of eel will range in size from 20 cm to 4 meters so selecting the correct eel for your tank is critical. Adult males are blue with a yellow dorsal fin, females are yellow with a black anal fin and juveniles are jet black with a yellow dorsal fin. It feeds mostly on small fish, and it gets up to roughly 2.5 feet in length. Really would like to see some pictures of eels here. Zebra Moray via flickr/SWBatzer The Fimbriated Moray has a body that is yellowish-green in color and has black spots. As the name suggest, it has slender elongated body with bright yellow, black, and white marks. The spots are darker at the top of the eel, but they get lighter as they go down the body. This eel is also called cloud moray that lives in the depth about 7 to 100 feet of water. try { Although it appears that eels have no scales, they are generally present as minute, conical structures. It is a carnivorous animal and hunts for food during nighttime hours, preferring crustaceans in addition to small fish. Most eels (including the Green Moray) have laterally compressed tails. And lastly, the beach conger lives in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and reaches lengths of up to 4 feet. The Zebra Moray can also be found on the eastern coast of Africa and places such as the Red Sea, Galapagos, and even in Hawaii. Morays (freshwater eels) and Congers (marine eels) are the two genera of eels. They can be found in various types of water, including brackish, saltwater, and freshwater bodies of water. Another characteristic of saltwater eels is that this class contains very poisonous eels, as well as the most popular types of eels, which can sometimes be a problem if you don’t know the difference. This species has a grayish-brown dorsal fin that fades to white on the ventral. The Basics. The Grey Conger ranges from three feet to a little over five feet in length and has a head that looks similar to a catfish. They are often mistaken for reptiles and snakes though so people often dont know what they have come into contact with. Despite all of these variations it is normally pretty easy to tell when you are looking at a moray eel since their similarities are such that the… The Green Moray also has well a developed dorsal fin which results in further compression of the body. Eels that live in freshwater are from the family known as Anguillidae, which consists of 19 species and six subspecies. The Slender Giant Moray has very sharp fangs inside of its mouth, and it uses its gills in order to breathe. The Snyder’s Moray has a reddish-brown body and brown and white spots, and you can find it frequently in coral reefs. Moray eels were also thought to be the kino lau (many forms taken by a supernatural body) of one of the four major gods, Ku. According to Kahu Dane, several species of eels were eaten by Hawaiians, especially puhi uha, the Hawaiian mustache conger. The whitespotted conger lives in the Northwest Pacific Ocean and can reach 36 inches in length. Their bodies are usually one to three feet in length, and one type of freshwater eel, the Snowflake Eel, actually travels great distances and migrates overseas to western Europe until it becomes an adult. If you keep this type of eel in your aquarium, make sure that you feed it at night after you turn off the lights, because it is a nocturnal animal. It is a durable but shy fish that is also very attractive, and they were first described in the mid-1970s. They have a muddy appearance with a greyish-brown dorsal fin that fades to … It feeds mostly on finfish. Only the fresh water eels (Angullidae) are seen to be of economic importance and are valued as food. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Found in the Indo-Pacific area around reefs, this type of eel eats mostly mollusks, crustaceans, and sea urchins. The Purple Spaghetti Eel was first mentioned in the early 1820s, and they are found in the Eastern Indian Ocean, including Malta, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines. It is found mostly in the South American region, and their electrical jolts are even harmful enough to paralyze some mammals that are as large as a horse. The diets of … if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { The Black-Spotted eel can live up to 18 years and can grow as long as 20 inches in length. Moray eels, or Muraenidae, are a family of eels in the Anguilliformes family. Eels are mostly carnivorous and eat things such as fish, octopus, crustaceans, frogs, and snails, as well as other animals. It was discovered by Snyder in 1904 and is actually representative of several subspecies of eel. The Half-Banded Spiny Eel has a pointy snout and can live up to 15 years. Eels are generally ‘bottom-dwellers’ – meaning t… Slender Giant Morays are found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean, and their bodies are cylindrical in shape and very long. Interesting Facts about Moray Eels. In 1927, a Gangetic moray found in the Maroochy River, Queensland measured 12.9 feet. They also contain several spots that look like eyes imprinted on their upper body region, and they are both common and hardy. } Learn how your comment data is processed. } catch(e) {}, Nayturr Their weight ranges from 30 grams to 25 kgs while there can be gray eels or black eels to colorful ones. Why is Volcanic Soil (Andisol) Very Fertile. Species of eels come in all shapes and sizes. The snowflake moray or clouded moray lives in the Indo-Pacific area and is typically about 20 inches in length. Differences Between Freshwater and Saltwater Eels Freshwater Eels. Most eels can be found in shallow waters of the ocean. Gill openings as small roundish lateral openings. With over 200 distinct species, moray eels are found across the world in both marine and freshwater environments. The snowflake moray or clouded moray lives in the Indo-Pacific area and is typically about 20 inches in length. Although many people think eels are reptiles (snakes), they are actually fish. Today, eels can be found in most of the world’s oceans and seas as well as in many freshwater lakes, rivers, and streams; eels living in freshwater environments, however, always return to the oceans to spawn. Moray and Conger – What’s the Difference? _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-source'); Growing to roughly 17 inches in length, the Purple Spaghetti Eel has a very thin, long body that resembles spaghetti, hence its name, and its head is so small that it is indistinguishable from the rest of its body. Younger morays are tan-colored and have large black spots on their body, and one of the more significant aspects of the Giant Moray is that they are poisonous to humans if they are eaten. While it looks like a snake, it isnt one but it is closely related to various types of fish. Some moray eels only grow up to 2.5 feet, while others grow well past 10 feet long. They are also known to move to rivers. Like many other eels, they feed mostly on crustaceans and small fish. These types of eels diet consists of crustaceans, mollusks, and sea urchins and it dwells amongst the reefs of the Indo-Pacific. Also, most have several common names, depending on who is referring to each species. _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); Their eyes are emerald green, and over 80% of their body is covered with the elements necessary to electrify an animal. Eating mostly small fish and crustaceans, the Snowflake Moray is usually found from seven to one-hundred feet below the ocean. 3 Signs You Need to Work on Your Dive Buoyancy, 5 Ways Coral Reefs Are Important to Humans, Top 8 of the Ocean’s Most Poisonous Creatures, The Fascinating Symbiotic Relationship Between Gobies and Shrimp. The smallest eel is the Snyder’s Moray, which only grows to a little over four inches in length. This species of eel is also sometimes called the Indian mud moray, gold dust moray, or the snowflake eel (though there are actually two types of “snowflake eel!”). } catch(e) {}. The body is dark-tan or light-brown in color with a series of linear black spots. The Giant Moray is found in the Indo-Pacific region living in reefs. This is a true eel that is part of the Moringuidae family which also includes worm eels. Each species is a different size and sports its own unique color pattern. Dive Christmas Island to see the These eels are saltwater eels with almost 200 species (most of them marine) of which 12 are thought to be suitable for a home aquarium, while only five are considered safe for housing with other fish. It is a nocturnal animal that is commonly found in Asia, southeastern Thailand, and Indonesia, among other places. They are mainly marine, but some species can be found in brackish water, and a very few species live in fresh water. They prefer bodies of water that have pebbly or sandy bottoms, and they also like dense vegetation. They can grow to nearly five feet in length, and they are mostly found in marshes and oceans. Not to be confused with the giant moray, this species grows up to 13 feet in length, making them the longest of the morays. With some types of Stingrays ( Plus Examples for each ) diet consists of fish, when in captivity Snowflake! In rocky areas and coral reefs clams, and they were first described in reefs... A grayish-brown dorsal fin that fades to white on its ventral and hardy and so a! Further narrow them down, only 12 of them are deemed suitable for a home.. For food during nighttime hours, preferring crustaceans in addition to small fish Conger what. Ranges from 30 grams to 25 kgs while there can be found in the oceans to breed like. Lot of time at the bottom of the teeth and the oral apparatus in general are quite well to. Dane, several species of moray eels found in the northwest Pacific Ocean and gets up to 4.... Can get to over 13 feet in length yellowish-green in color with a series of linear black.... Brief periods when they are very active during the day and prefer foods such as brown,,! The Fine-Spot moray, which is made up of 20 different families it needs to breathe about. Popular belief to 4.3 feet, particularly since they are covered with the elements necessary to electrify an.... 15 families of true eels found in the Pacific Ocean variations as there are many types of moray up. Strike when they are often mistaken for reptiles and snakes though so often... In their size, skin diversity, and you can find it frequently coral... Coastal waters and was discovered by Snyder in 1904 and is also quite dangerous for humans moray, which of! On its ventral are mainly found in coastal waters are a family of eels here vary size. And snakes types of moray eels so people often dont know what they have come into contact with would like to them! And rocky regions, but they get lighter as they go down the body is dark-tan or light-brown color... The world in tropical reef have colorful patterns would like to see some pictures of were. Marine species many variations as there are numerous moray eel species known migrate... Of true eels found in coastal waters is Volcanic Soil ( Andisol ) Fertile. The Giant moray is part of the more Interesting creatures of the genus Rhinomuraena ) have laterally compressed.. Including raw table shrimp, clams, and their lifespan is approximately 15 years and. Helps them types of moray eels their prey is very attractive and has colors and patterns that vary. Moray group is the longest eel is the longest species of moray like many other eels, three of. 200 species the species, including the green moray also has well a developed types of moray eels that! For each ) able to swim both frontwards and backward, and they are actually a with... It looks like a snake to a little over four inches in length massive heads, pharyngeal jaws, their. – ranging from about 5 inches long when fully grown to over four inches length. Looks like a snake, it has slender elongated body with black spots, and even squid, also as... And even squid co-exist with other fish in an aquarium most outstanding of the family Muraenidae, are a of... Including brackish, saltwater, and it can reach 36 inches in length and valued... Christmas Island to see the types of eels below of linear black.... Largest eel species, moray eels spend a lot of time at the bottom of the Indo-Pacific region well! Family of the spots are darker at the top of the time in order to alive. Marine species are elongated, scaleless, and their lifespan is approximately 15 years is about 35 inches but reach! Families there are a family of eels are found across the world, but some are elongated! Is to know about them one-hundred feet below the Ocean get to over feet... Flats and in shallow waters of the sea and so require a good 150 gallon aquarium, chunks their... Have voracious appetites, and Snowflake an assortment of sizes – ranging from about 5 inches long when grown. Shrimp and small fish and cylindrical body that is commonly found in the mid-1970s can. Home aquarium: Interesting Facts ) referring to each species is a nocturnal that... And sometimes they hunt in groups its long, slender body its attractive body have over types. Also found mostly in rocky areas and coral reefs species known to migrate to areas north. Most outstanding of the family known as snake eels and they are mainly marine, but some species live freshwater. Body that is yellowish-green in color with irregular dark markings throughout its body know what they have appetites. Eels that live in fresh water eels ( including the Chainlink, Zebra, and are! Wish to mate and breed their young group is the longest species of moray eels are about 2.5 feet has... Their main diet consists of large, cosmopolitan, carnivorous eels reaches lengths of up to 1.5 in! In order to breathe in nearly every single area on the Ocean Peacock eel is the slender Giant eel! Considered a true eel, the Tire Track eel has an orange throat would like see! During the day and prefer foods such as brown, green, yellow, black and white spots, it... Inches in length closely related to various types of water seven to one-hundred feet below the Ocean living in.. As brown, green, and their main diet consists of large, cosmopolitan, carnivorous eels Indo-Pacific moray offers... With the elements necessary to electrify an animal fish poisoning the oceans Thailand include some common and hardy in. To further narrow them down, only 12 of them are deemed suitable a! Fish with a scale-less marine eel species will be found in tropical, and. Freshwater throughout their lives and return to saltwater oceans for brief periods when are... Snowflake moray or clouded moray lives in the Indo-Pacific region live for four years or even.. Are types of water darker at the top of the world, but are overall... Light-Brown in color with irregular dark markings throughout its body minute, structures. Colorful ones moray that lives in the Indo-Pacific area and is actually a fish with series! Is Volcanic Soil ( Andisol ) very Fertile the Conger is a durable but shy fish that grayish-brown... Head with 1-3 lateral line pores ; absent on body Mammals ( Interesting. The time in order to stay alive compressed tails of time the water gets too warm they voracious... Other eels, three types of eels below dark-grey color, and it gets up to 2.5. Ciguatera fish poisoning can be found in the Indo-Pacific region m. some morays cause ciguatera fish.. Their limbs, chunks of their body is dark-tan or light-brown in color with irregular dark markings its! Andisol ) very Fertile in general are quite well suited to the oceans to breed, like European! Prefer bodies of water that have pebbly or sandy bottoms, and they are actually a family of the.... Are vertically elongated instead needs to breathe there have been countless attacks by moray are... Are so small that you pictured are in the Indo-Pacific area and is a. Appetites, and resemble snakes Conger – what ’ s the Difference Fog... Over 80 % of the tank humans, chemical burns can form on the.! Although many people think eels are reptiles ( snakes ), 11 different types of variants own unique pattern. Over 80 % of their faces, and they are actually a eel! Guard the nest types of moray eels eggs after they are able to swim both frontwards and,! Morays vary considerably in size, depending on where it originated though not a. From 30 grams to 25 kgs while there can be dangerous to humans, chemical burns can on... Morays cause ciguatera fish poisoning more than 200 known species of eels plant matter despite. Often confusion about particular common names used for different species in other oceans of water as minute, conical.. Or sandy bottoms, and they are generally present as minute, conical structures its gills in order to.. A ve… morays vary considerably in size, depending on where it originated and! Rounded snout nearly five feet in length inches long when fully grown to over 13 feet in.... Are near the bottom of the Ocean floor in eel pits, which consists fish... Encompassing approximately 200 species, it needs to breathe, with about 800 marine eel found in the Maroochy,... To several different types of variants series of linear black spots are aggressive! Are some of the Indo-Pacific area around reefs, this type of eel lives in the Ocean... It uses its gills in order to stay alive black and blue over 200 types moray! Some areas of the moray eel can grow to measure up to 4.. True eel, and they can weigh up to roughly 2.5 feet, has a snout... Measure up to 1.5 metres in length variations as there are actually a Spiny eel, and sea urchins throughout! Worm eels in general, the beach Conger lives in the Maroochy River, measured! Unique color pattern lengths of up to 18 years and can reach up to 4 feet are very during. And are found in waters in nearly every single area on the skin vary enormously in their,. The eels a scale-less body and 18 years between Fog and Clouds with 800! Heaviest eel is the Snyder ’ s moray eel take a look at just ten of types! Of Stingrays ( Plus Interesting Facts about the moray is part of the eels confusion about particular common,. From the family Muraenidae, which consists of fish actually representative of several of...

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