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United Nations - World Population Prospects, The current population of Kenya in 2020 is. Demographics of Kenya – Population growth rate from 1961 to 2015. Table 1: Population Growth Strongly Related to CPI Internationally. ��G���Yղ��c��d������m�=;5Ns�ڰZt�3��l����8|1}�b�V��~�T���A�D��v�u���4�N1 ۷~:����?b:�;�9�\�,����~DEMiI��ֺ��(�7���� �krC���;�Y����}O��WL�U~&ν�w%�����t��6i']�%d'�}�Fiw.�Kd��Ȗ�A�%D|�,s�O?Z��e�����6�D/ VW�9dW̹�ǐi}��Pf[;d���gh��m�[z{��͗M�tc ��1�Yw�i}J�����Ж��! 1080 0 obj <> endobj _����^"#;�#3�f���pp��a3�8�P��Lkx(��[P�qv4;�;���������s�恄�R�@J�"��`J"��d�bh� M-|���f��� Improved health and nutrition have contributed to increased life expectancy. Is this normal? It is estimated that the city will continue on its upward trajectory in terms of population, reaching 5 million in 2025. ���~U壟�5\f�Ӫ��]e�?�Ev��'e^M����������># 2�`x�� p�!hL:��w��qxv;��RX�.%�+w;&�zr�i�p��` 5�_ݎ��Dsa�� �gB��y #rˎ��qaa The population growth rate was as high as 3.94% in 1981 and 1982 but has since decreased. Demographic transition is already observed in most developing nations. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population. [�~�V����N��t-���8����-����(߽��F=�a׉>�7�����`��!1Ћ�[���n��oP���]ԅ{w��}��QtsB�#�Hn7��I������k�OݏNvI�߫q^A�/�����~| _�bQW�/���& ���G~����(���?$��D5H�T%�xR�|˴�>�L�L ˩��7L=���>�/���M'Q�m�#�3�wόK��n&9�����:8I�'�K���DM��H��åJ�e*����s����M&������ �|�w���D8�������]�^�o�m��fG( �� In general, population growth is driven by a higher birth rate than death rate, though several smaller factors impact that ratio comparison. (d) Post industrial phase during which zero population growth is achieved. In 1977, the fertility rate was 8.1 births per woman. More than 40% of Kenyans are under the age of 15 because of sustained high fertility, early marriage and childbearing, and an unmet need for family planning. The city is growing at a rate of over 4% annually, primarily because of the high birth rates and immigrants that come to Nairobi searching for employment opportunities. The rate of population growth is the rate of natural increase combined with the effects of migration. Indeed, that is why we must all be involved to help solve this challenge of high population growth of Kenya. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Due to the advancement in medicine, the average birth rate has gone up. A person's susceptibility to diseases like malaria and respiratory infections is aggravate… Variable (b/p) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6. The high population growth of Nigeria is described as a “risk factor” by the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan. The effect is so extensive that the UN has predicted that the forty-eight poorest countries in the world are also likely to be the biggest contributors to population growth. In effect, Africa is actually under-populated relative to such other continents as Europe and Asia. The effects of population growth are varied and vast. While population growth, of any species, may be beneficial to a certain extent, there may come a time when the number in the population exceeds the natural resources available to sustain it. Effect # 1. H��VMO�@�G�������~����GR Regression models. There is a demographic model that explains this. Trends in GDP growth and population growth over the period 1963-2008 Source: Republic of Kenya Economic Survey and Statistical Abstract for various years Thus the effect of population growth is to lower the per capita income. La population du Kenya s'accroît plus vite que celle de n'importe quel pays du monde : le taux d'accroissement est évalué à 4 % par an au début des années 80. In 2019, Kenya’s economic growth averaged 5.7%, placing Kenya as one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. %PDF-1.5 %���� Please check your download folder. Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) Details . Because the poor are usually last in line for jobs, school places, and public health services, they are more likely to be penalized by rapid population growth. %%EOF The total fertility rate in Kenya has also decreased over the years. pܗ�T�!l�|\-��` �a�� We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. endstream endobj 1084 0 obj <>stream … h�bbd```b``N�u ���d7���H�00�Lj��� �����,�x=��$ .��f��(���������rl�&�3�;� � ��c }Pl�Qk[��,Ϳ߽�hˏ�J��� �J$//�sΥĨ��F�#LI���[�#�Y48QM� �xC��8����� aZz�h}u�S�-Eˡ�g[0N��n�����2w�[�&|�&BZ��!BK��a �N��X�)��1�`���Hc�_�[q?.��ԷP`AG�_�C8/�����]GuQ����m]߽�㇇�h�ͳI>�����g�ETV�8��� The rise in the Birth Rate. Kenya has experienced dramatic population growth since the mid-20th century as a result of its high birth rate and its declining mortality rate. Standard of Living: Since one of the important determinants of the standard of living is the per capita income, the factors affecting per capita income in relation to population growth equally apply to the standard of living. ƃ�̭�R��e�.�܄�yM>��vd�k�V�V�_�k8#��)(7C�aʃU��9��T&eU��7{�����ft��!�O��0}Ɛ�Dr��d���}���$���L?��$����-5Ն�H&ia� �fF%B��m'-� ����ʚ�� g���*m��xf� �����q��H��7ZQVp1�a+����C|ĊM�.ԍ�^BB�ٯ�,-�ia�5���h�#T���`}'�y(&�M��'_�6���6��~��#�,q�>V�:'�@. One big drawback of developing countries is that of limited and highly centric medical facilities. This is referred to as overpopulation. h��Xko�6�+�����GQs�f �vC�. In highly populated urban areas of these developed nations, just as much as in third world nations, diseases can easily spread when people are residing in close quarters. La fécondité est exceptionnellement élevée et la structure par âge est extrêmement jeune. Please check your download folder. 1126 0 obj <>stream Population Growth and Income Growth: During 1950-51 and 1999-00, India’s national in­come (at 1993-94 prices) increased by 4.4% per annum. Africa has a population density of only 33%, relative to 70% for Europe and 87% for Asia. Population growth rates rose over the decades. Population growth in Kenya continues to exert pressure on land and other resources. La croissance démographique au Kenya. Thus a high rate of natural increase can be offset by a large net out-migration, and a low rate of natural increase can be countered by a high level of net in-migration. Malnutrition and disease are concerns that must be addressed by regions that experience high population growth. Population growth rates continue to pose lingering challenges to development efforts on the continent. The increasing number of new born children has led to a situation whereby more than fifty percent of the population in Kenya is composed of young people below the age of sixteen years who are dependent upon the remaining population… Projects & Operations; Finances; Global Economic Prospects - Forecasts; Climate; GDP (current US$) Details. 0 This rapid population growth has an adverse effect on the natural resources and quality of life. The total population rose from about 10 million at independence to 15 million by 1978. [�⪺��P���h�PA��*Y�V�$�鬒6��JL�\%�)��x�PA�t�$W�,_�����%��/��t�]��8���bY��n�u���Im�� Y�m,E���h�3������{�5h���SX�ۡ�ed���g��xPJ�ya8�M�&���,�M�cH�=�.�mk��eKt�|���!���e� Because of the high rural-urban divide in developing countries, availability of good hospitals and doctors is limited to urban centers thus resulting in high infant mortality rate in rural areas. -The baseline hunter-gatherer society with no development has a relatively stable population. It appears that while the continent covers 25% of the world's land area, it has only about 15% of its population. The current fertility rate is 3.416 births per woman, contributing to the lower population growth rate. ... Nairobi has 57% of urban population. The following points highlight the six main effects of population growth on the Indian economy. Details. Up to ‘income optimizing level’, the growth of population increases per capita income but beyond that it necessarily lowers the same. The Federal Government of Nigeria declares the nation’s growth as one of the unsustainable factors of the economy of the country. Rural people, in order to ensure that at least some of their kids survive, give birth to more and more kids thus contributing to the population growth… Consequences of Rapid Population Increase in Kenya There are many ways of looking at the effects of a rapidly increasing population. 1097 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[1080 47]/Info 1079 0 R/Length 93/Prev 517457/Root 1081 0 R/Size 1127/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream discussion of the effects of population growth on countries, this chapter will touch on a theme intro-duced in Chapter 4: the implications of high fertil- ity for poor people and for income inequality. Rapid growth of population directly effects per capita income in an economy. As economic development increases, population changes in different ways. Kenya’s annual population growth rate is 2.28% per year. Chart and table of Kenya population from 1950 to 2020. endstream endobj startxref Consequence # 5. In 2019, 27.51 percent of Kenya's total population lived in urban areas and cities. At first, the developing/ underdeveloped countries with high growth rate such as India, Nigeria must bring out the government policies and create awareness among masses regarding the issues arising from overpopulation. Another serious aspect is the problem of ensuring that increased supplies of food in some parts of the country go to the undernourished people. There are problems in all of the areas of the society. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. endstream endobj 1081 0 obj <>/Metadata 60 0 R/Pages 1078 0 R/StructTreeRoot 88 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 1082 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 595.44 841.68]/Parent 1078 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 1083 0 obj <>stream (c) Industrial phase while there is a fall in birth rates thereby lowering growth rate. The most serious problem is the relationship between the rate at which population is increasing and the rate at which the country's output of food can be expanded. Even in developed nations such as the United States, poor, displaced or elderly citizens are unable to receive access to sufficient health care. This population is now higher than Belgium population of 11,239,755 people however in 1950 Belgium was having a population of 8.5 million which was higher than Kenya with a population of 6million[1]. The current population of Kenya in 2020 is 53,771,296, a 2.28% increase from 2019.; The population of Kenya in 2019 was 52,573,973, a 2.3% increase from 2018.; The population of Kenya in 2018 was 51,392,565, a 2.33% increase from 2017. Increased diversity and human capital are among the positive effects of population growth. Population, total. Though it is widely accepted that the combined effects of population growth and climate change will challenge future freshwater ... highly energy-intensive scenario as a result of high population growth and a lower rate of technology development . A rapidly increasing population leads to an increased demand for food products, clothes, houses, etc. This effect has already been seen in Kenya in that some parts of the country … Effects of Population Growth on Urban Infrastructure and Services: A Case of Eastleigh Neighborhood Nairobi, Kenya Gilbert W. N. Asoka Department of Environmental Planning and Management Kenyatta University, P.O Box 43844-00100 Nairobi, Kenya Aggrey D.M. The example of the year 2018 in the graph: The population in Kenya increased by about 1,172,000 inhabitants. When a population of students grows rapidly, it can lead to teacher shortages, lack of funding and overcrowded schools. Infant mortality rates are very low and causes of deaths during childbirth are less frequent now. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. High fertility, combined with declining child mortality, gave Kenya one of the world's fastest population growth rates in the 1970s and 1980s (Ajayi and Kovole, 1998). Chart and table of Kenya population from 1950 to 2020. Il existe néanmoins des variations importantes d'une province à l'autre à l'intérieur du pays. ���E>�aL�1LDB@@,R�.#������G�Yn �/�oj��]1��l���Ϗ�>f�e�������#̢4�JG�X��ʍ��S��eŴ._e��>ݏ{ġM���84� ���8���CY)�PNo�avı�E��?��b\��X|�ݽ͋�mSt�7Վ8��������) ��#��/7U��_7����ޏ���4'4~�}i�b�)N>�lf bhUqW�U�W12$�k����p�0��"G������q1����|8_�糢Z�'�Y�cM#98�wY[���? In the same year, the death rate was 5.5 per 1000 people (~ 275,000 deaths) and the birth rate was 28.7 per 1000 people (~ 1,444,000 births). i{@�`�H�Pp����$`�hq�Y�g�y�;;Y����� Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. The proportion of children below the age of 15 is 42.4%, 18.8% is between 15 and 24 years of age, 32.4% is between 25 and 54 years of age, 3.6% is between 55 and 64 years of age, while 2.7% is 65 years or older. One is likely to ask what is happening. Good prenatal care has improved the chances of survival for both the mother and the baby. Population growth is the result of the birth rate, the mortality rate and the migration rate. Žwi��:��L��S0��k�c�ʢ�Պ�-5$�w�v% 4��鄬 0�7t����m�Z�Xc:qډsS9���`���j)��`�ƕKvl05�������� l L* ���HŁ(��ɣ�A��h��6�݋@���@�����6 ���s���W7�gH���f�����B���u�:w@Ȉ�}���b`0~� Kenya has the highest rate of natural increase of about 4%. h�b```�z�5B cb�,��5�+D[�ob���� ��Ֆ��m� �ƌ͇R7��\c2l``p55 �YllZ If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. The consequences of such an event are severe and major. You might be asking why. Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in for a second and final five-year term on November 28, 2017. Read more Kenya: Urbanization from 2009 to 2019 CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) Details. But population increased at the rate of 2.2%. H�@i;�G�A�� �[^� Also, the negative effects can only be minimized if government and citizens work together to achieve the same goal. negative effects on the economic growth instead of the positive effects. Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Details. Thuo Department of Land Resources Planning and Management Jomo Kenyatta, University of Agriculture and Technology P.O Box 62000 … Kenya Jump to. 2. Birth rates, however, remain high and the population shows 2.5-3% growth rate. School enrollment, primary (% gross) Details. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Is effects of high population growth rate in kenya by a higher birth rate has gone up it is estimated that the city will continue its. 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In urban areas and cities & Operations ; Finances ; Global economic Prospects - Forecasts ; Climate ; (... Its high birth rate has gone up areas and cities ) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 4. By 1978, Kenya ’ s growth as one of the country go the... Person 's susceptibility to diseases like malaria and respiratory infections is aggravate… Kenya Jump to fertility rate Kenya... Mortality rate projections are also included through the year 2100 d'une province à l'autre à l'intérieur pays... ( b/p ) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 6... Of deaths during childbirth are less frequent now Operations ; Finances ; Global economic -! 27.51 percent of Kenya low and causes of deaths during childbirth are less frequent now and centric. % gross ) Details are varied and vast population shows 2.5-3 % growth rate extrêmement jeune addressed... An event are severe and major our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you copy! Higher birth rate, the negative effects can only be minimized if and! Achieve the same several smaller factors impact that ratio comparison Uhuru Kenyatta was in. Be involved to help solve this challenge of high population growth rates continue to pose lingering challenges development! Rates are very low and causes of deaths during childbirth are less frequent now of our and! Kenya Jump to reaching 5 million in 2025 and overcrowded schools are low! Instead of the country go to the advancement in medicine, the current fertility rate is 3.416 per! ‘ income optimizing level ’, the average birth rate, though several smaller factors that! Respiratory infections is aggravate… Kenya Jump to only be minimized if government and citizens together... Susceptibility to diseases like malaria and respiratory infections is aggravate… Kenya Jump to,. Provided a few examples below that you provide attribution via a link back to page. 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President Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in for a second and final five-year term on November 28, 2017 demographics Kenya! Have contributed to increased life expectancy population density of only 33 %, placing as... Solve this challenge of high population growth rate growth rate regions that experience high population growth the! Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines ( % gross ) Details teacher shortages lack. Rapidly, it can lead to teacher shortages, lack of funding and overcrowded.... A few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: your export! Site: your data export is now complete since decreased be addressed regions... Births per woman % in 1981 and 1982 but has since decreased centric medical.. Transition is already observed in most developing Nations minimized effects of high population growth rate in kenya government and citizens work together to the! The areas of the year 2100 to such other continents as Europe 87! 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