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Competence is a legal term and a process that speaks to determining the capability of a person to act on his or her own behalf or have the mental capacity to participate in legal proceedings or transactions (e.g., business, medical decisions). Mental capacity is a functional term that may be defined as: the "mental (or cognitive) ability to understand the nature and effects of one's acts.". There are many ways to assess mental capacity. So, here is a proposed definition for each: Competence is the quality or state of being functionally adequate or having sufficient knowledge, strength and skill. What is this about? Competence is a legal term. Although the terms are often used interchangeably, competence is a legal term that is determined by the court system, whereas capacity is … Capacity differs from competence. Capability vs. Competency “Competency” and “capability” are two terms that pertain to human ability. How to use competency in a sentence. RELEVANT DEFINITIONS. comprehension, competence, communion, creativity and coping (John Stephenson, 1994) The definition of capability is the qualities, abilities, capacity, and potential to be developed. Decision-making capacity, on the other hand, is a clinical term that is task-specific. How to use capacity in a sentence. The client with advanced dementia who at present seems to have capacity to revoke a durable power of attorney may not have capacity at a later time “Capability” is the term that describes the quality of being capable. Competence is presumed unless a court has determined that an individual is incompetent. Of course, language evolves and meanings shift gently with each new generation. This is even more important concerning the topic of competency and capacity - an ethically and legally charged subject, that if not understood or executed properly can contribute to patient harm and legal action against medical providers. Lawyers need to understand the interplay between dementia and the rules of professional conduct, Michigan statutes, and caselaw on capacity and competency. Even the thesaurus and dictionary definitions suggest they are alternatives for each other. A judicial declaration of incompetence may be global, or it may be limited (e.g., to financial matters, personal care, or medical decisions). In any academic conversation, it is critical to ensure that all participants understand the shared lexicon. They are often mentioned in many Human Resources related materials, as well as in career and job communications. Competency definition is - competence: such as. In the dictionary there is enough overlap between the connotations and definitions of these words to explain the ambiguity. capacity is evolving rapidly. While competence deals with current state, capability focuses on the ability to develop and flex to meet Future needs. Understanding Capability, Competence, and Capacity. 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